What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition that is related to the body’s inability to regulate the level of glucose in the blood. Glucose is the key form of sugar in the body. The body breaks down food into glucose and uses it as a source of energy. Those who are healthy have insulin to help them regulate the glucose (sugar) levels. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas (which is a long, thin organ located behind the stomach against the back).
Insulin, in the body, breaks down food into glucose (sugar) and uses it as a source of energy. It helps the cells in the body to use glucose for energy and store the excess in the liver, for later use.
Those who have Diabetes, their body does not produce enough insulin or does not use the produced insulin effectively. This causes a high level of glucose in the blood known as Hyperglycaemia.
What are the types of diabetes?
- Type 1 Diabetes (T1D): Little or no insulin is produced in the body, and the person will need regular injections of insulin for survival and management of T1D. This usually starts in childhood but can occur at any age.
- Type 2 Diabetes (T2D): this is the most common form, and it is strongly related with genetic tendency and obesity. The body produces normal or high levels of insulin, but certain factors make its use ineffective. This usually starts in adulthood but is beginning to be seen in obese adolescents also.